Skip to main content

Seksjon 1

C40.ORG. Singapore: Intelligent Transport System. Available:

CALLAWAY, A. 2016. Apploitation in a city of instaserfs. Available:

COASE, R. 1937. The Nature of the Firm. Economica, 4, side 386-405.

DAYEN, D. 2015. Uber Strategy of “Monopolization Through Sidestepping Labor Law” May Be Coming to an End. Available:

DEAMICIS, C. 2014. Uber driver hits, kills six-year-old girl. Is "Not our problem" still an appropriate response? Available:

GRISWOLD, A. 2016. Uber is using its US customer service reps to deliver its anti-union message. Available:

HARDESTY, L. 2014. Ride-sharing could cut cabs’ road time by 30 percent. Available:

HAUGAN, B. 2016. Skal legge ned halvparten av fabrikkene: Hagen: Vi må kutte for å vokse. Available:

HELLING, B. 2017: The Year The Rideshare Industry Crushed The Taxi [Infographic]. Available:

JONATHAN HALL, A. K. 2017. An Analysis of the Labor Market for Uber’s Driver-Partners in the United States. 71, 705-732.

KROKAN, A. 2013. Nettverksøkonomi – digitale tjenesters og sosiale mediers økonomi, Cappelen Dam Akademiske.

KROKAN, A. 2015. Det friksjonsfrie samfunn – Om utviklingen av nye digitale tjenester, Cappelen Dam Akademisk.

LEIGHDAY.CO.UK. 2016. Legal hearing in Uber workers challenge begins. Available:

LICHFIELD, G. 2015. All the names for the new digital economy, and why none of them fits. Available:

LUÍS CABRAL, A. H. 2004. The Dynamics of Seller Reputation: Evidence from eBay.

MALONE, T. 2004. The Future of Work: How the New Order of Business Will Shape Your Organization, Your Management Style, and Your Life, Harvard Business School Press.

MATHIAS, C. 2014. Half Of NYC UberX Drivers Make More Than $90,000, Uber Claims. Available:

MICHELLE CANTON, R. D. 2019. New study underscores economy / traffic jam link. Available:

NORDBØ, D. 2016. Leve løsarbeiderne! Available:

Debatten - 14. januar 2016, 2016. Directed by NRK.

NTB. 2013. Mistet flyet fordi drosjesjåføren skulle be. Available:

RACHEL BOTSMAN, R. R. 2010. What’s Mine Is Yours: The Rise of Collaborative Consumption, Harper business.

RIFKIN, J. 2014. The zero marginal cost society: The internet of things, the collaborative commons, and the eclipse of capitalism. , Palgrave Macmillan.

SCHWARTZ, E. 2001. Digital Darwinism: 7 Breakthrough Business Strategies for Surviving in the Cutthroat Web Economy, Broadway.

SLEE, T. 2016. What’s Yours is Mine, OR Books, New York and London.

SOPER, T. 2015. Lyft’s carpooling service now makes up 50% of rides in San Francisco; 30% in NYC. Available:

STEPHANIE BODONI, A. S. 2017. Uber Loses EU Court Fight as Judges Take Aim at Gig Economy. Available:

TOM ESPINER, D. T. 2016. What does Uber employment ruling mean? Available:

UPS. 3D Printing [Online]. Available: [Accessed].

VÅGANE, L. 2006. Bilhold og bilbruk i Norge. Available:

WEISE, K. 2015. This is how Uber takes over a city. Available:

Seksjon 2

Sience of Generosity [Online]. Available: [Accessed].

4, N. Delingsøkonomien — – muligheter og utfordringer Available:

BARBROK, R. 2005. The Hi-Tech Gift Economy. Available:

BENKLER, Y. 2002. Coase’s Penguin, or, Linux and The Nature of the Firm. Available:

BENKLER, Y. 2004. Sharing Nicely: On Shareable Goods and the Emergence of Sharing as a Modality of Economic Production.

BENKLER, Y. 2011. The Penguin and the Leviathan: How Cooperation Triumphs over Self-Interest.

BOLLIER, D. 2010. Is this a new version of communism?

BOTSMAN, R. 2015. Defining The Sharing Economy: What Is Collaborative Consumption – And What Isn’t? Available:

CASTELLS, M. 2009. Communication Power, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

CUSUMANOS, M. 2010. Staying Power: Six Enduring Principles for Managing Strategy and Innovation in an Uncertain World.

FLEURA BARDHI, G. M. E. 2012. Access-Based Consumption: The Case of Car Sharing. Journal of Consumer Research, 39, 881-898.

HARDIN, G. 1968. The Tragedy of the Commons. Available:

JOHN, N. 2017. The Age of Sharing, Cambridge: Polity Press.

KROKAN, A. 2015. Det friksjonsfrie samfunn – Om utviklingen av nye digitale tjenester, Cappelen Dam Akademisk.

MARTIN KENNEY, J. Z. 2016. The Rise of the Platform Economy. Available:

NØRRESTRANDERS, T. 2004. Det generøse mennesket: En naturhistorie om at umak gir make., Oslo: Aschehoug.

QUIRKY. Made by Quirky. Invented by You [Online]. Available: [Accessed].

ROBERT LUSCH, S. V. 2014. Tjenestedominant logikk.

S. P. FRAIBERGER, A. S. 2016. Peer-to-Peer Rental Markets in the Sharing Economy.

SCHOR, J. 2014. Debating the Sharing Economy. Available:

THOMAS, C. 2012. Dr. Sherry Turkle: “I share, therefore I am”. Available:

TOON MEELEN, K. F. 2015. Stop Saying Uber Is Part Of The Sharing Economy. Available:

TURKLE, S. 1997. Life on the Screen.


WLADAWSKY-BERGER, I. 2016. The Rise of the Platform Economy. Available:

 Seksjon 3

ANDREASSEN, T. W. 2016. Produkter blir tjenester! Hvorfor? Available:

BERGE, G. 1998. Bilkollektivet i Oslo. En studie av en pionergruppe. .

CHOUDARY, S. P. 2015. Platform Scale: How an emerging business model helps startups build large empires with minimum investment.

COMMISSION, E. 2015. Circular Economy Package: Questions & Answers. Available:

DAVID S. EVANS, R. L. S. 2016. Matchmakers: The New Economics of Multisided Platforms, Harvard Business Review Press.

DELLER, R. 2017. LSE Lit Fest 2017: Platform Capitalism by Nick Srnicek. Available:

ELKA TORPEY, A. H. 2016. Working in a gig economy. Available:

ERIC PARTRIDGE, T. D., TERRY VICTOR 2007. The Concise New Partridge Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English, Psychology Press.

F. BARDHI, G. M. E. 2012. Access-Based Consumption: The Case of Car Sharing.

F. BARDHI, G. M. E. 2015. The Sharing Economy  Isn’t About Sharing at All.

GRAMSTAD, C. S. 2016. A skape mer med mindre. Available:

GRISWOLD, A. 2016. You can rent an entire home on Airbnb for the price of a hotel room in the US. Available:

GRUMEN, H. 2001. Tillit og makt – tre samanhengar. I Tidskriftet den norske legeforening, 30.

HERMSTAD, A. 2015. Eier du en hest? Available:

III, J. H. 2017. Edge Perspectives. Available:

J. HAMARI, M. S. O. A. U. 2015. Why people Participate in Collaborative Consumption. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology

JOHN HAGEL III, J. S. B., LANG DAVISON. The Power of Pull:

How Small Moves, Smartly Made, Can Set Big Things in Motion [Online].  [Accessed].

JORDAN, D. K. 1997. Chinese Matchmakers of Tiānjīn & Táoyuán. Available:

KIM JANSSON, T. R. 2012. Her er Ruters tabbeliste. Available:

KRISTIN JESNES, B. S. Ø., KRISTIN ALSOS OG TORSTEIN NESHEIM. 2016. Aktører og arbeid i delingsøkonomien. Available:

MOORE, J. 1996a. The Death of Competition: Leadership and Strategy in the Age of Business Ecosystems, HarperBusiness.

MOORE, J. F. 1996b. The Death of Competition: Leadership and Strategy in the Age of Business Ecosystems.

MÖHLMANN, M. 2015. Collaborative consumption: determinants of satisfaction and the likelihood of using a sharing economy option again. 14. Available:


OECD 2016. Protecting consumers in peer platform markets: exploring the issues. OECD Digital Economy Papers.

PATIENTSLIKEME. Available: [Accessed].

PLETTEN, C. 2017. 2017 ble året da butikkdøden inntok USA. Kjente merker går konkurs, og kjøpesentre står tomme. Available:

RACHEL BOTSMAN, R. R. 2010. What’s Mine Is Yours: The Rise of Collaborative Consumption, Harper business.

RAMASWAMY, S. 2017. Powering ads and analytics innovations with machine learning Available:

S. AHN, S. Y. 2016. Impact of Motivation in the Sharing Economy and Perceived Security in Attitude an Loyalty toward Airbnb. Advanced Science and Technology Letters, 129, 180-184.

S. P. CHOUDARY, M. W. V. A. 2016. Platform Revolution: How Networked Markets Are Transforming the Economy – And How to Make Them Work for You, W.W. Norton & Company.

SAMVIRKEBRYGGERIET. Available: [Accessed].

SCHUMPETER, J. 1942. Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy, Harper & Brothers.

SCHWAB, K. 2015. The Global Competitiveness Report 2015 – 2016.

SHAREBETTER. Available: [Accessed].

SHARETRIBE. Available: [Accessed].

SRNICEK, N. 2017. Platform Capitalism, Polity.

T. W. ANDREASSEN, L. L.-O., G. CALABRETTA 2015. Trend spotting and service innovation. Journal of Service Theory and Practice, 25, 10-30.

TIWANA, A. 2014. Platform Ecosystems : Aligning Architecture, Governance, and Strategy, Boston: Elsevier.

W. CHRISTL, S. S. 2016. Networks of Control: A Report on Corporate Surveillance, Digital Tracking, Big Data & privacy.

WARREN, M. 1999. Democracy & Trust, Cambridge University Press.

WEISBROD, B. A. 1964. Collective-Consumption Services of Individual-Consumption Goods. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 78, 471-477.

ZASKE, S. 2015. Germany’s Vision for Industrie 4.0: The Revolution Will Be Digitised. Available:

Seksjon 4

ABNETT, K. 2015. Will Personalised Pricing Take E-Commerce Back to the Bazaar? Available:

ADAM D. THIERER, C. K., ANNE HOBSON, CHRIS KUIPER. 2016. How the Internet, the Sharing Economy, and Reputational Feedback Mechanisms Solve the 'Lemons Problem'.

AIRBNB. Hvordan fungerer skatter for verter? [Online]. Available: [Accessed].

AIRBNB. Superhost: Anerkjennelse av de beste innen gjestfrihet [Online]. Available: [Accessed].

ANONYM. 2016. Fortvilet holeværing: - Tvinges jeg til å selge huset mitt? Available:

BANG, H. 2013. Organisasjonskultur: En begrepsavklaring. 50. Available:

CHRISTIAN SØRGJERD, J. B. M. 2016. Villaeiere på vestkanten skal betale mye av eiendomsskatten. Available:

DAVID S. EVANS, R. L. S. 2016. Matchmakers: The New Economics of Multisided Platforms, Harvard Business Review Press.

E. S. HERMAN, N. C. 1988. Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of Mass Media, New York : Pantheon.

EATWITH. Available: [Accessed].

ED KELLER, B. F. 2012. The Face-to-Face Book: Why Real Relationships Rule in a Digital Marketplace.

GRØNN, E. 2008. Anvendt mikroøkonomi, Cappelen Akademisk Forlag.

KEYBUTLER. Available: [Accessed].

KIRKPATRICK, D. 2012. The Facebook Effect: The Real Inside Story of Marc Zuckerberg and the Worlds Fastest Growing Company, Random House.

KROKAN, A. 2013. Nettverksøkonomi - digitale tjenester og sosiale mediers økonomi, Cappelen Damm Akademisk.

KROKAN, A. 2015. Det friksjonsfrie samfunn – Om utviklingen av nye digitale tjenester, Cappelen Dam Akademisk.

LESAGE, J. 2016. Uber Loses $1.27 Billion As Driver Subsidies and Competition Take Their Toll. Available:

LUCA, M. 2013. Reviews, Reputation, and Revenue: The Case of Available:

MCCARTHY, J. 2013. Nordstrom Direct president: social media is word of mouth on steroids. Available:

N. A. CHRISTAKIS, J. H. FOWLER 2011. Connected: The Surprising Power of Our Social Networks and How They Shape Our Lives, Back Bay Books.

PADRAIG CUNNINGHAM, B. S., GUANGYU WU, DEREK GREENE. 2010. Does TripAdvisor Makes Hotels Better? Available:

PARKONMYDRIVE. Available: [Accessed].

PETRO, G. 2015. Dynamic Pricing: Which Customers Are Worth The Most? Amazon, Delta Airlines And Staples Weigh In. Available:

RICHMOND, H. 2014. Airpnp is sending the sharing economy into the toilet, literally. Available:

SAID, C. 2014. Airbnb expo attracts company’s most loyal hosts. Available:

SNYDER, B. 2015. Report Analyzes Amazon's Dynamic Pricing Strategy. Available:

TEAM, G. M. 2015. Third-Party Airbnb Key Exchange Services. Available:

TICTAIL. Available: [Accessed].

TRACY, A. 2014. Why You Need to Embrace Negative Reviews. Available:

VANDERBILT, T. 2015. Inside the Mad, Mad World of TripAdvisor. Available:

Seksjon 5

Allianz Asia Lab [Online]. Available: [Accessed].

4, N. Delingsøkonomien — – muligheter og utfordringer Available:

A. MCAFEE, E. B. 2017. Machine, Platform, Crowd: Harnessing Our Digital Future, W.W Norton & Company.

ADAMS, S. 2011. Jobs at Big U.S. Firms Move Overseas. Available:

AUGUR. Available: [Accessed].

BAGLO, C. 2016. Bookingkrigen. Available:

BULLETIN, F. R. 2014. Changes in U.S. Family Finances from2010 to 2013: Evidence from the Survey ofConsumer Finances. Available:

CAPATI, M. K. 2015. 10 Indispensable Open Innovation Platforms for Global Corporations. Available:

COLEMAN, J. 1990. Foundations of Social Theory, Cambridge, Harvard University Press.


DAVID AUTOR, D. D., LAWRENCE F. KATZ, CHRISTINA PATTERSON, JOHN VAN REENEN. 2019. The Fall of the Labor Share and the Rise of Superstar Firms. Available:

DON TAPSCOTT, A. T. 2016. Blockchain Revolution: How the Technology Behind Bitcoin is Changing Money, Business, and the World, Penguin Random House.

FERGUSON, N. 2009. Finansplaneten. Da pengene erobret verden, Oslo, Forlaget Historie & Kultur.

FILIPPI, P. D. 2017. What Blockchain Means for the Sharing Economy. Available:

FRIEDMAN, T. L. 2017. Self-Driving People, Enabled by Airbnb. Available:

GORENFLO, N. 2015. How Platform Coops Can Beat Death Stars Like Uber to Create a Real Sharing Economy. Available:

GRISWOLD, A. 2015. Uber’s new car-rental program for drivers doesn’t actually make much financial sense. Available:

HAUGAN, B. 2017. – Tøffeste dom mot Uber hittil.

HILL, S. 2015. Raw Deal: How the ”Uber Economy” and Runaway Capitalism Are Screwing American Workers, St. Martin’s Press.

HIVEMIND. Available: [Accessed].

HODSON, H. 2016. Revealed: Google AI has access to huge haul of NHS patient data. Available:

HUET, E. 2015. Uber Raises UberX Commission To 25 Percent In Five More Markets. Available:

HUSBY, M. 2017. VGs «gjøkunge» dro inn 44 millioner på innholdsmarkedsføring. Available:

JOHN, N. 2017. The Age of Sharing, Cambridge: Polity Press.

JOHNSON, C. 2016. 11 Platform Cooperatives Creating a Real Sharing Economy. Available:

JON MARTIN DENSTADLI, F. L., LIVA VÅGANE, HARALD THUNE-LARSEN 2012. Et kollektivt løft for Oslo lufthavn Gardermoen

JONAS BRÆKKE, D. E. U. L. 2017. Får for lite betalt på nett. Available:

KOMMUNE, B. Slik samkjører du. Available:

MARKOFF, J. 2011. Computer Wins on ‘Jeopardy!’: Trivial, It’s Not. Available:

MARR, B. 2015. That’s Data Science: Airbus Puts 10,000 Sensors in Every Single Wing! Available:

MARX, K. 1867. Kapitalen – Kritikk av den politiske økonomien.

MERTON, R. K. 1968. The Matthew Effect in Science.

METZ, C. 2017. Forget Bitcoin. The Blockchain Could Reveal What’s True Today and Tomorrow. Available:

MICHALSEN, G. L. 2016. Norske aviser tapte i fjor 740 millioner kroner i annonseinntekter på papir - mens digitale inntekter økte med kun 21 millioner. Available:

OPENBAZAR. Available: [Accessed].

P2PFOUNDATION.NET. Backfeed. Available:

PAQUETTE, D. 2017. She was pregnant and broke. She signed up for Uber — and fell into debt. Available:

PETER EVANS, A. G. 2016. The Rise of the Platform Enterprise: A Global Survey.

PIKETTY, T. 2014. Kapitalen i det 21. århundre, Oslo, Cappelen Dam.

R. TACHET, O. S., P. SANTI, G. RESTA, M. SZELL, S. H. STROGATZ, C. RATTI 2017. The Scaling Law of Urban Ride Sharing. Available:

RINGSTAD, P. 2016. Skattetriks brukt av delingsselskapene kan bli normen. Available:

ROSENBERG, S. 2015. Introducing Transportation on Messenger Available:

RYSSDAL, R. E. 2017. Gigantenes privilegier. Available:

SAEZ, E. 2013. The Evolution of Top Incomes in the United States. Available:

SELIGMAN, M. 1972. Learned Helplessness. Available:

SRNICEK, N. 2017. Platform Capitalism, Polity.

SSB. 2015. Inntekts- og formuesstatistikk for husholdninger, 2014. Available:

STEGNER, B. 2020. Memory Sizes Explained: Gigabytes, Terabytes, and Petabytes in Context Available:

SUROWIECKI, J. 2005. The Wisdom of Crowds.

UNION, C. O. T. E. 2017. Employment and Social Developments in Europe 2016.

VANCE, J. D. 2016. Hillbilly Elegy: A Memoir of a Family and Culture in Crisis, Harper.